Arguably the most famous Supreme Court case in history, 1954's Brown v. Board of Education ruled that "separate but equal" is not equal at all. Since then, segregation by race has been illegal.
In 2004, the Smithsonian created this online exhibit to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Court's decision. Learn about the history of the civil rights movement, and read real reflections by people who went to school before and after the ruling. Check out the Brown v. Board timeline, and watch the field trips taken by middle- and high-school students to the exhibition.